The first Indo-Pakistan War, known as the First Kashmir War (October 22, 1947-January 5, 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan. A ceasefire agreement has led to the establishment of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. In accordance with Tashkent`s statement, ministerial talks were held on 1 and 2 March 1966. Despite the fact that these talks were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued in the spring and summer. The results of these discussions were not obtained due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue. The news of Tashkent`s statement shocked the people of Pakistan, who expected India to make more concessions than they got. Things got even worse when Ayub Khan refused to speak and went to solitary confinement instead of announcing the reasons for signing the agreement. Protests and riots took place at various locations in Pakistan.  To dispel the anger and concerns of the people, Ayub Khan decided to take the matter before the people on 14 January 1966.
This is the difference with Tashkent`s statement that eventually led to the impeachment of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from the Ayub government, which later founded his own party, the Pakistan People`s Party. Although Ayub Khan was able to satisfy the concerns of the people, Tashkent`s declaration significantly tarnished his image and was one of the factors that led to his downfall.  According to some analysts, it is difficult to learn the lessons of Tashkent`s declaration to resolve the current conflicts, but Topytchkanov believes that Soviet diplomacy has succeeded in doing what could not be done thereafter. However, the ceasefire was fragile and the conflict could have resumed at any time. The Soviet Union felt the need for a more binding agreement and proposed to act as a mediator, with the personal participation of Kosygin, President of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. According to The Memoirs of contemporaries, Kosygin played a crucial role in finding a solution to the Indo-Pakistani conflict, as he enjoyed the confidence of both sides.