Historically, multilateral negotiations on climate change have been difficult because all countries have tried to protect their national interests. This is why the commitment made in Paris is considered a success. In addition to setting an overall temperature increase target of 2C /1.5C, the agreement also includes a commitment to increase climate finance, increase financial support from developed countries to developing countries, and develop a national plan to combat climate change by 2020, with autonomous targets and targets; protect ecosystems, strengthen adaptation and reduce vulnerability to the effects of climate change. Three years ago, in Paris, all countries agreed to understand an increase in global temperatures to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures and to try to raise the temperature to a maximum of 1.5 degrees Celsius. Today, the parties in Katowice are trying to agree on how to achieve the Paris commitment together, build trust between the different countries and implement the Paris Agreement in a coherent manner. The last cop24 climate negotiations meeting in Katowice, Poland, was postponed several times because more than 100 ministers and more than 1,000 negotiators tried to overcome their differences on how to implement the „Paris rules” in each country. After a lively debate, the COP24 conference, which was scheduled to end on Friday, December 14, 2018, was closed on Sunday, December 16 at 12:33 a.m. Katowice time. However, the government will not be able to function alone and needs the participation of external actors in government (non-state actors). They are businessmen, NGOs, scientists, academics, field practitioners, educators, community leaders and the community itself. Yoichi Kaya, a Japanese economist, argued that a country`s emissions were directly proportional to the population.
The higher a country`s population and GDP, the higher the emissions. Especially if the energy consumed is not renewable energy, and is used excessively / wasted.