The application of this regulation can significantly delay the submission of claims and result in claims never being heard. The use of detention to enforce the transfer of asylum seekers from the state where they are found to be responsible is also known as Dublin transfers, the separation of families and the refusal of an effective appeal against transfers. The Dublin system also increases pressure on the EU`s external border regions, where the majority of asylum seekers enter the EU and where states are often least able to offer assistance and protection to asylum seekers.  The European Court of Human Rights in the M.S.S. case against Belgium and Greece ruled on 21 January 2011 that the Greek and Belgian authorities had violated the European Convention on Human Rights by enforcing the EU law on asylum seekers, and was fined 6,000 euros and 30,000 euros respectively.    There have been recent call for tougher sanctions if similar cases of compliance with EU asylum law are to occur in the future.  The Dublin II Regulation was adopted in 2003 and replaced the Dublin Convention in all EU Member States, with the exception of Denmark, which is disconnected from the regulations for application in the area of freedom, security and justice.  In 2006, an agreement came into force with Denmark to extend the application of the regulation to Denmark.  A separate protocol also extended the Iceland-Norway agreement to Denmark in 2006.  On 1 March 2008, the provisions of the regulation were also extended by a treaty to third countries, Switzerland which, on 5 June 2005, voted 54.6% in favour of their ratification, and Liechtenstein on 1 April 2011.  For these reasons, the Commission proposes to revise and replace existing asylum instruments in order to better manage migration flows and provide adequate protection for those in need, in line with the approach outlined in the European migration programme.
One of the objectives of the regulation is to ensure that a person does not make multiple asylum claims in several Dublin Member States. These include the Member States of the EU, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The United Kingdom is bound by the Dublin Regulation until 31 December 2020. I have a „tolerance” (temporary suspension of removal). I wanted to be about to be deported to Italy under Dublin, and I refused to leave, but I was told that I could stay 18 months in Germany without the police sending me back to Italy, and then I could apply for asylum again.